When the United States dropped out of the ExoMars mission with the European Space Agency last year, ESA invited Russia to become its partner. Now, as the U.S. also has no firm plans for lunar exploration, Europe and Russia are teaming up for a multi-mission effort to explore the Moon together.

Following the successful launch of its 3,400 kg GSAT-10 communications satellite--the heaviest ever built by India--aboard an Ariane-5 rocket, Russia Today (RT) said on Sept. 30 that India is stepping up its space program with a higher budget, the launch of a new satellite, and a proposed mission to Mars.

Were the U.S. to proceed with a bold plan for our space program, carrying out follow-up missions to Curiosity for which plans already exist, we would find willing international collaborators, also eager to venture into space and to Mars.

China and Argentina signed a space cooperation treaty on July 20, by which a tracking, command, and data-acquisition center will be built in the province of Neuquen, Argentina, containing an antenna for research of outerspace.

“...once the election was over in Russia, and Putin came in with a solid position, then they began to sing the song that they wanted to sing. And the China situation has changed, the Japan situation has conspicuously changed on the question of getting the nuclear plants back into function. All of these things are part of the same pattern.”


The international angle of accomplishing a new, global development perspective characterized by Glass-Steagall and NAWAPA will be fostered through a close partnership between the United States, Russia, and China. This page is a continuing exploration of the potentials of that arrangement.

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